Top 10 Countries With the Highest Altitudes
For those living in coastal areas and looking for an alternative home in case global warming causes sea level rises, the countries in this selection, the 10 countries with the highest average altitude in the world, should be considered. Even if the polar ice caps melt, people living in these areas will remain safe. In addition to providing beautiful scenery, living in these countries has its most practical advantages. Currently, the country with the lowest average altitude is Maldives, with an average altitude of only 1.82 m. If the sea rises only 1 m, 80% of the Maldives will be submerged in the Indian Ocean . People living in the countries of this selection do not have to fear this scenario. To compile this selection, some facts are interesting to note. For example, if Tibet were independent, it would easily be the first position in the selection, with the average altitude of 4900 m. At this altitude, the air contains only 56% oxygen compared to sea level. This means that it is necessary to breathe almost twice as much to inhale the same amount of oxygen . And it also means that by changes in air pressure, it takes more than twice as long to boil an egg. Greenland is another region left out because it is not an independent country. Its average altitude of 1792 m would ensure a place. Antarctica would also rank high in the national team, if it were a country, with the average altitude of 2300 m. If the world’s altitude maps are observed, the geographic locations of the countries with the highest average altitude are easily perceived. Of 10 countries, 7 are located in Asia, 1 in Europe and 1 in South America . All of them are above the world average altitude of 840 m.
10. ARMENIA – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 1792 M
Armenia is located in the South Caucasus, on a border dividing Europe and Asia. And the country impresses, being its highest elevation, the Monte Aragats of 4,090 ms of height.
9. CHINA – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 1840 M
At first glance, it seemed that Tibet was largely responsible for China’s selection. But when sizes are compared, Tibet is only a fraction of China, which is ninth in this selection, of the 10 countries with the highest average altitude in the world. In fact, China is a very mountainous country. Although this adds China’s average altitude of 1840.07 m, even if Tibet were disregarded, it would still be in this selection.
8. CHILE – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 1871 M
When a country is largely located on the slopes of the Andes, it will almost certainly be in this selection. Among other high places, Chile is home to Ojos del Salado, the highest active volcano in the world, with Chile being eighth in this selection of the 10 countries with the highest average altitude in the world.
7. AFGHANISTAN – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 1884 M
The legendary Hindu Kush mountain range, which stretches 804.67 km throughout Afghanistan and Pakistan, defines the country and significantly adds to its average altitude.
6. ANDORRA – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 1996 M
The small European country located on the border between France and Spain, Andorra owes its place to this selection, mainly because of its size. After all, it is to be expected that the country is among those with higher average elevation if it is entirely located in the Pyrenees mountain range.
5. LESOTHO – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 2161 M
The entire Kingdom of Lesotho is located above 1000 m altitude, which makes it the fifth in this selection of the 10 countries with the highest average altitude in the world. In fact, its lowest point of 1400 m is the highest point on the planet. Yes, the phrase needs to be read twice to make sense.
4. BHUTAN – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 2220
M Kingdom of Bhutan is located on the eastern slope of the Himalayas. Its highest peak, Gangkar Puensum, is then the highest non-climbing mountain in the world.
3. NEPAL – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 2565 M
Another Himalayan country, Nepal is home to 8 of the 10 highest mountain peaks in the world , including Mont Everest. Somehow Nepal was expected to be better positioned in the national team.
2. KYRGYZSTAN – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 2988 M
The disadvantage of this country of average altitude of 2988 m is that only 8% of its territory is used in agriculture. Tian Shan, a large mountain range, covers 80% of the country.
1. TAJIKISTAN – AVERAGE ALTITUDE 3186 M
Neighboring southern Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan is the country with the highest average altitude in the world, being then leading position in this selection, with 3186 meters of average altitude. Tajikistan is located in the Pamir mountain range that connects the Himalayas with Hindu Kush and Tian Shan, forming what John Wood, a 19th century British explorer, called Ceiling of the World, translating the local expression Bam-i-Duniah.