Honiara, capital of the Solomon Islands, on the north coast of the island of Guadalcanal, where the Mutaniko River flows into the Pacific Ocean; 49 100 in. (2000). Harbor town with export of copra, timber and fish. Henderson International Airport 15 km east of the city.
Honiara grew up around the US military headquarters during World War II and took over in 1952 after Tulagi as the Islands Administration Center.