Faroe Islands Facts


Faroe Islands, archipelago in the North Atlantic, between Scotland and Iceland; 1,400 km2 , 49,755 inhabitants (2016).The archipelago forms part of Denmark but has internal autonomy. The Faroe Islands, which stretch about 113 km in the north-south direction and 75 km in the west-east direction, consist of 17 inhabited islands and a number of more or less inaccessible small islands. The largest islands are Streymoy (Danish Strømø) 373 km2 , Eysturoy (Danish Østerø) 286 km2 , Vágar (Danish Vågø) 178 km2 , Suðuroy (Danish Suderø) 166 km2 and Sandoy (Danish Sandø) 112 km2 . The capital is Tórshavn (Danish Thorshavn), located on Streymoy, 12,200 inhabitants (2013). Administratively, the Faroe Islands are divided into six counties (counties).

Country Facts

  • Nationality designation: FO
  • Area: 1 400 km 2
  • Population (2016): 49,755 inhabitants
  • Capital: Torshavn
  • Main languages: Faroese, Danish
  • State condition: autonomous part of the Kingdom of Denmark
  • Head of State: Margrethe II (Queen)
  • Head of Government: Aksel V. Johannesen
  • Per capita GDP (2014): US $ 36,600
  • Currency unit: 1 Danish krona = 100 öre
  • Currency code: DKK
  • Internet domain name: fo
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: −1
  • National Day: July 29 (Olaifesten)

Nature

  • Highest Rock: Mowing Peak (882 m asl)

Population

  • Population density (2016): 36 inhabitants per km 2
  • Natural population growth (2016): 0.5%; birth rate 14 ‰, death rate 9 ‰
  • Age structure (2016): 0-14 years (20%), 15-64 (64%), 65- (16%)
  • Average life expectancy (2016): 80 years; men 78 years, women 83 years
  • Infant mortality (2016): 6 per 1,000 live births
  • Urbanization rate (2016): 42%
  • Most populous city (2013): Tórshavn (12,200 inhabitants)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2012): agriculture (16%), industry (29%), service (55%)
  • Main export product: fish
  • Main export partners: Denmark, UK, USA
  • Main import products: machinery, transport, food
  • Main import partners: Denmark, Norway, Iceland

Communications

  • Railway network: nothing in operation
  • Road network (2015): 960 km
  • Internet users per 100 inhabitants (2015): 94

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