Vietnam - country of Buddhism and Confucianism
Vietnam is located in eastern Indochina, and is also known as the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Vietnam covers an area of 329,600
square kilometers and has a population of 80.67 million, with Jing
(89% of the total population), ethnic Dai Dai, Mountain race, Nung,
and Hmong, along with more than 60 Turkish and other nationalities.
Major religions are Buddhism and Catholicism. The language is
Vietnamese. The currency is the VND and the capital is Hanoi (Ha Noi).
The flag is red, with a Pentagon as a Venus in the center. Red
symbolizes the revolution. A Gold Star represents the Vietnamese
Labor Party, while the pentagonal Venus represents workers,
peasants, soldiers, intellectuals, and youth.
10th century AD, the establishment of a feudal state. In 1884,
reduced to a French "protectorate." In September 2, 1945, Vietnam
declared independence and established the Democratic Republic of
Vietnam. France invaded Vietname again in September of the same
year; the Vietnamese people have been tough against the law of war.
July 1954, on the restoration of peace in Indo-China, signed the
Geneva agreement, liberated northern Vietnam, though the South was
under French rule, after the establishment of U.S. support for the
South Vietnamese government. In 1961 came national salvation, with
the war against the United States beginning; in January 1975 the
United States and Vietnam signed, in Paris, a treaty ending the war
in Vietnam, the U.S. military to restore peace through withdrawal
from the south. In May 1975, the South was liberated, and a national
unity was declared in July 1976, the country to be named the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Vietnam has a southeastern coastline, with land north to south and
narrow east to west in an "S" shape. Throughout, three-quarters of
the land is mountainous or a plateau. The Red River runs to the
Sino-Vietnamese border, north along the high mountains, dense
forests, water rapids, and mountain valleys into the natural channel
between China and Vietnam. Northwest Fan Siben peak towers 5142
meters above sea level. The Red River Delta and the Mekong Delta
separate north and south. Vietnam has a dense river network; the
Mekong River in Vietnam is 230 km long.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Vietnam is a traditionally agricultural country; 80% of the total
population works in agriculture. Food crops include rice, corn, and
potatoes; cash crops include coffee, rubber, cashew nuts, tea,
peanuts, silk and so on. Vietnamese coffee exports are first in
Asia. Forest resources are also very rich in fir, cinnamon wood,
rosewood, teak and other valuable timber, and Vietnam is one of four
famous wooden box makers on the international market.
Folk dance and theater are a Vietnamese favorite. Representative
dances include the "Bamboo Pole Dance" and the "Zhu Li dance." Urban
and rural people both favor theater, from drama to opera and comedy.
People also love poetry and other art forms; all ages, regardless of
culture, high or low, and whether urban or village, almost everyone
reads poems and is good at poetry.
Vietnamese people all chew the betel nut. It is usually a gray or
Yan Ashiba package of some ash placed into the mouth with a piece of
betel nut or betel nut dust after which a chemical reaction can
occur. Betel nut chewing, after suffering the first sweet taste of
nerve stimulation. Vietnamese people like fish processed into fish
sauce. Fish sauce can be stored a long time in hot weather
conditions, and is both delicious and nutritious. Fish sauce and
more comes from a fish called "Kaka Mu" and, while processing is
very complicated, almost every Vietnamese family will make it.
Do not touch other people in Vietnam. When a village hangs a
green branch or when an intersection is prohibited by signs,
outsiders may not enter. Southern Khmer Jiyong bow with the left
hand, and give and receive material objects. In some places in
Vietnam,women will dye their teeth black, an ancient Vietnamese
custom. Beautiful black female teeth is important to the Vietnamese.
Vietnamese dress in a simple way. Urban women wear tight sleeves,
holiday gowns slit to the waist and trousers. Brown or white rural
men and women wear tight sleeves,a breasted coat without collar, and
black wide-leg trousers. Usually, most people wear clogs or bare
feet and wide bamboo hats, whether in sun, rain, or while loading
materials, or using it as a fan and for other purposes.
Located about 100 km east of Hanoi, and stretching from Hongji City
to the South China Sea,Halong bay is one of the wonders of the
world. Halong Bay covers an area of 3,800 square kilometers, an area
littered with more than 1,000 quality limestone islands, like sea
mountains, known as the "sea of Guilin." Halong Bay is a boundless
expanse of blue seawater, star clouds of limestone islands, like a
thousand-yard towering palace, like slim and beautiful women,
fishing,, or, still yet, proudly like the lion, and with vivid
Hue Monuments Group
Hue, in central Vietnam, is as old Nguyen, Xishan Nguyen, the new
capital of the feudal dynasty. In addition to the famous attractions
of Hue's Forbidden City, the imperial tombs of Hue, the Tian Mu
Pagoda, and the Ping Shan Royal substandard, there are Hong Kong, a
money market bridge, meditation Lake, the southern suburbs of the
altar, the years crossing, Yiu Tai Temple, Paul Temple and so on.
The Hue City Palace, located in the north, was the Nguyen dynasty's
Imperial Palace and is Vietnam's largest and most complete existing
ancient building. The Imperial Palace was built in 1805, and its
architectural style is essentially modeled on the Forbidden City in
Beijing. The peripheral buildings of the Imperial City are modeled
on the French-style of building and are surrounded by a moat.
This temple is located at the city center of Hanoi, west of Hoan
Kiem Lake. The temple was built in the 11th century to enshrine the
Vietnamese feudal dynasties based on Confucius, and the area in the
18th century was the educational center of the Lee, Chen and Li
dynasties. The temple faces south, with a depth 350 meters and
sitting 75 meters horizontally. Ancient trees, red walls and green
tiles show its antiquity. A temple of existing old buildings, most
of the last early 18th century additions to the temple show Lebanese
Hoan Kiem Lake
Located in the city center of Hanoi, Hoan Kiem Lake is a long and
narrow oval. In ancient times, until the Le Dynasty, the great Hoan
Kiem Lake went over roads through the lake. The lake is divided into
two parts. The right side of the lake is known as the "right look
Lake," while the side on the left is called "the left Lake." Hoan
Kiem lake has two islands, one of which is Yushan Island. According
to legend, this was the late Lebanese toward the Diaoyutai, and the
famous Jade Mountain Temple was constructed on the island, including
the turtle tower.
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