United States - a melting pot of nationalities
The United States of America is located in central North America,
covering an area of 9,372,600 square kilometers. It has a population
of 288 million, with 84% white, with the remaining 16% black,
Hispanic, Native Americans, and so on. Due to the vast diversity of
ethnicities the U.S. has been called the world’s "ethnic melting
pot."Residents are Protestant or Catholic, with English the official
language. The currency is the U.S. dollar, and the capital is
The national flag of the United States is made up of stars and
stripes. There are 13 horizontal strips of red and white, and in the
top left hand corner is a blue rectangle which contains 50 white
five-pointed stars divided into 9 rows. The 13 horizontal bars
symbolize the original 13 U.S. states, with the 50 stars
representing the current 50 states. Red represents strength,
Congress, and courage, whilst white denotes purity and innocence.
The blue of the rectangle represents vigilance, perseverance, and
justice. The 4 June each year is celebrated as the nations Flag Day.
Originally inhabited by indigenous people, the Spanish, Dutch,
French, and British later settled. In 1773 the British established a
colony of 135 people. In 1775, the early colonial settlers rebelled
and the War of Independence began. On July 4, 1776, independence was
declared, which officially announced the establishment of the United
States of America. In 1787 the country became a federal
constitution. In 1776, after 100 years, the United States territory
had expanded nearly 10-fold.
Economy and Cultural Customs
The United States economy is reliant upon industry, agriculture,
transportation, and science and technology, and is a highly
developed world superpower. Steel, automobile, aircraft
manufacturing and other sectors are strong, with these industries
along with chemical, textiles, a food production being in the
possession of large multinational companies. California's "Silicon
Valley" is a famous high-tech center, and a global leader in
computer and software industries, as well as communication
technology, laser technology, and biological engineering.
Agricultural is a major part of the economy, with the United States
at the forefront of the world's food, fruit, and livestock
production. Its food exports accounts for 40% of the world’s
agricultural trade, and it is the leading exporter of soybeans,
corn, and wheat. It is also a major producer of. citrus fruit, and
has a fully industrialized livestock production.
American society focuses on the individual, and personal interests
are sacrosanct. However, certain topics are considered impolite in
every conversation, including enquiring about a person’s age,
marital status, income, religion, and political leanings.
Wall Street is the national and international financial nerve
center. The New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street and Lord Street
angle Department is the world's largest stock and securities market.
Six of the 0 largest banks are located here, as are many large
Pearl Harbor is a strategically important U.S. naval and air base,
located on Oahu, one of the Hawaiian Islands. Pearl River is located
in a narrow sea of two sticks of Road Department, for a depth of 10
to 15 meters harbor. At 7:55 on December 8, 1941, Japan dispatched
350 aircrafts and 55 warships and attacked Pearl Harbor. Almost all
the main U.S. Pacific Fleet was destroyed, and the day is now
infamous in American history. To commemorate this incident, the U.S.
built a huge Pearl Harbor Memorial Monument.
Redwood National Park
Northwestern California covers an area of 150,000 square kilometers,
and Redwood National Park contains some of the world's largest
trees. Also known as Coast Redwood Sequoia, the trees grow in the
wet and foggy conditions along the coast.. The trunks are crimson in
color, and generally stretch to heights of 60 to 84 meters. The
average trunk diameter is usually between 2.4 to 3.6 meters. Red
cedar lumber, the following branches and leaves fall off on their
own, the last 30 meters began to form canopy. Park, a red cedar top,
up to l12 meters. The Redwoods towering giant trees, lush.
The Painted Desert is located in north-central Arizona, and covers
an area of about 1.9 million square kilometers, reaching 1,500
meters above sea level in most parts. The area has a great diversity
in temperature (41°C to a 30°C), and strong weather has eroded the
bare cliffs into a variety of unusual shapes. As the air is dry,
with water scarce, the color of the sand (not altered by chemical
change), adorns one of the world's rarest natural landscape. Heat,
light, and dust make the desert a blue, amethyst color, with browns,
reds, light greens, and grays also present. The local Indians made
crafts using these colorful sands, which they sell to tourists.
Golden Gate Bridge
California's Golden Gate suspension Bridge is a miracle of modern
engineering, with a width of 1,966 meters and a height of 342
meters. At either end are two giant steel towers, which support the
two 0.93 meter diameter steel cables which hang from the wire rope
bridge. The steel that spans between towers is 1,280 meters in
length, and the bridge opening is 6l meters high. The famous bridge
was designed and built by the renowned American engineer Josef
Statue of Liberty
The world-famous Statue of Liberty stands tall on Liberty Island in
New York harbor, a symbol of the American people and the lofty ideal
of freedom. Created by the French sculptor Auguste in the late 19th
century, the Statue of Liberty is 46 meters high and is one of the
world's tallest monuments. Its official name is the Statue of
Liberty Enlightening the World. Wearing the crown of a radiant
goddess, the statue is dressed in ancient Roman robes, with the
right hand holding up a 12 meter long torch. The left had clings to
a symbol of the American Declaration of Independence, a book plate
with the inscription "Declaration" and the date " 1776.7.4 "
written. The feet are surrounded by broken chains, symbolizing that
tyranny has been overthrown.
Polynesian Cultural Center
Ley is located in the north of Oahu, and preserves the history and
tradition of the Polynesian culture. Each village has its own
national characteristics displayed, with handicrafts and clothing
available. The daily life of the villagers is reflected through the
original residences and the island's cultural traditions and
customs. In the Tongan Village visitors can see beautiful girls
making Mulberry clothing; in the Samoan village, robust men show
visitors how to pick coconuts; in the Hawaiian Village the women
wear garlands around their necks and sew clothes, knit fabric, and
make arts and crafts. Girls armed with garlands dance whilst others
row boats along the river as a form of parade. The Polynesian
Cultural Centre is as a living museum, displaying the many different
Yellowstone National Park
In 1872, the United States established Yellowstone National Park, the
first national park in the country, and the largest park in the
world. The Park spans the three states of Wyoming, Montana, and
Idaho, covering an area of 8,956 square kilometers. The name was
chosen because the source of the Yellowstone River is found in the
Yellowstone National Park is famous for its more than 300 geysers,
which account for more than half of the world's geysers. The
"Honest" fountain erupts every 65 minutes once every 4 or 5 minutes,
and has never deviated from this pattern in over 80 years. With
every eruption the hot spring water spray from the ground, reaching
up to 40 meters height. In cold weather, when the water column
encounters the air it condenses into a cloud of white columns, and
the scene is quite spectacular.
Rushmore National Monument Peak
Rushmore National Monument Park is located in southwestern South
Dakota, near the town of Rushmore. Pilade peak, a giant stone
sculptures. The most famous sculptures is the 1,830 meter peak which
bears the faces of four presidents, chiseled into the granite. The
four presidents chosen – Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and
Lincoln – were selected due to their outstanding contributions to
the development of independence Each stone head is about 18 meters
high and is backed by the blue sky. The faces gaze ahead, and the
monument is considered to be a masterpiece. The American painter and
sculptor Kelsang Bogren was the chief architect on this sculpture.
The monument commemorates the historical significance of the four
presidents in a permanent and highly artistic way. The sculpture is
arguable a great wonder of the world.
50 States of the Country
The Overseas Territories of Guam is under the jurisdiction of the
United States, and is located in the Western Pacific Mariana
Islands. Covering an area of 549 square kilometers, Guam has a
population of 164,000, mostly of whom are Chamorro people, with
others coming from the Philippines and the United States. Residents
are Catholic and English is the official language, with Chamorro
also spoken. Guam use the American flag and currency, and its
capital is Agana.
In 1521 Magellan arrived in Guam whist navigating the globe. In 1565
the island became occupied by the Spanish, but after the end of the
Spanish-American War in 1898, it became the property of the United
States. In 1941 it was occupied by Japan, with the U.S. military
obtaining it back in 1944 after a major naval and air campaign. In
1950, the United States, through the Guam Organic Act, declared Guam
as an unincorporated territory, giving local governments autonomy in
Guam, in the final Ministry of the Interior under the jurisdiction
of the United States.
Economy and Cultural Customs
The island's income is mainly dependent on tourism and the
expenditure of U.S. naval and air bases located on the island. The
services sector is a major local industry, with other major
industries being construction, light industry, food processing, and
oil refining. The main crops are tobacco and fruit.
Recently, the Government of Guam wanted to turn the island into an
offshore financial center, but the plan was not implemented. with
Guam and the ability to obtain the status of Federal Territory has a
Puerto Rico (U.S.)
Puerto Rico in an island in the Caribbean Sea, east of the Greater
Antilles. It covers an area of 9,104 square kilometers, and has a
population of 3.86 million, mainly Hispanics. Christianity is the
major religion, and the official languages are Spanish and English.
The currency is the U.S. dollar and the capital is San Juan.
Originally inhabited by indigenous Indians, Puerto Rico was
discovered by European in 1495, when Christopher Columbus arrived on
the island. In 1509 it was colonized by Spain. On September 15,
1821, independence was declared. In 1898, the Spanish-American War
ended with Spanish defeat, and Puerto Rico passed to the United
States. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship, and
after 1952, obtained the status of U.S. territory.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Manufacturing, tourism, garment, and electronic industries are the
main productive sectors. Manufacturing accounts for 40% of the gross
national product. The living standards are amongst the highest in
U.S. Virgin Islands
The U.S. Virgin Islands are located between the Atlantic and
Caribbean Sea, comprising three main islands and about 50 smaller
islands, covering a total area of 354 square kilometers. U.S.
Overseas Territories, for the United States "unincorporated
territory." The population is around 12.5 million, most of whom are
West Indian in origin. Residents are primarily Protestant, and
English is the official language, although Spanish and Creole are
also widely used. The currency is the U.S. dollar, and the capital
is Charlotte Amalie.
The Arawak Indians and the Karubi originally inhabited the islands,
but in 1495 the Europeans, and almost all indigenous people were
massacred. In the 16th century the land became the property of
Spain, later passing to the Netherlands, Britain, France and Malta.
In 1670 Denmark St. Thomas and St. John the two islands, according
to the colony. 1755 St. Croix was formed after the French sold the
Danish West Indies Denmark. In 1917, the U.S. spent 25 million
dollars to buy islands from Denmark. Residents from the islands
became U.S. citizens in 1927, but are not entitled to vote in the
U.S. presidential election.
Economy and Cultural Customs
The economy is dependent on the United States, with 90% of its trade
between Puerto Rico and the United States. Tourism accounts for 60%
of the gross domestic product.
List of Countries by Region