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United States

United States - a melting pot of nationalities
The United States of America is located in central North America, covering an area of 9,372,600 square kilometers. It has a population of 288 million, with 84% white, with the remaining 16% black, Hispanic, Native Americans, and so on. Due to the vast diversity of ethnicities the U.S. has been called the world’s "ethnic melting pot."Residents are Protestant or Catholic, with English the official language. The currency is the U.S. dollar, and the capital is Washington. United States Map

National Flag

United States Flag

The national flag of the United States is made up of stars and stripes. There are 13 horizontal strips of red and white, and in the top left hand corner is a blue rectangle which contains 50 white five-pointed stars divided into 9 rows. The 13 horizontal bars symbolize the original 13 U.S. states, with the 50 stars representing the current 50 states. Red represents strength, Congress, and courage, whilst white denotes purity and innocence. The blue of the rectangle represents vigilance, perseverance, and justice. The 4 June each year is celebrated as the nations Flag Day.

History

Originally inhabited by indigenous people, the Spanish, Dutch, French, and British later settled. In 1773 the British established a colony of 135 people. In 1775, the early colonial settlers rebelled and the War of Independence began. On July 4, 1776, independence was declared, which officially announced the establishment of the United States of America. In 1787 the country became a federal constitution. In 1776, after 100 years, the United States territory had expanded nearly 10-fold.

Economy and Cultural Customs

The United States economy is reliant upon industry, agriculture, transportation, and science and technology, and is a highly developed world superpower. Steel, automobile, aircraft manufacturing and other sectors are strong, with these industries along with chemical, textiles, a food production being in the possession of large multinational companies. California's "Silicon Valley" is a famous high-tech center, and a global leader in computer and software industries, as well as communication technology, laser technology, and biological engineering.
Agricultural is a major part of the economy, with the United States at the forefront of the world's food, fruit, and livestock production. Its food exports accounts for 40% of the world’s agricultural trade, and it is the leading exporter of soybeans, corn, and wheat. It is also a major producer of. citrus fruit, and has a fully industrialized livestock production.
American society focuses on the individual, and personal interests are sacrosanct. However, certain topics are considered impolite in every conversation, including enquiring about a person’s age, marital status, income, religion, and political leanings.
Wall Street is the national and international financial nerve center. The New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street and Lord Street angle Department is the world's largest stock and securities market. Six of the 0 largest banks are located here, as are many large brokerage firms.

Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor is a strategically important U.S. naval and air base, located on Oahu, one of the Hawaiian Islands. Pearl River is located in a narrow sea of two sticks of Road Department, for a depth of 10 to 15 meters harbor. At 7:55 on December 8, 1941, Japan dispatched 350 aircrafts and 55 warships and attacked Pearl Harbor. Almost all the main U.S. Pacific Fleet was destroyed, and the day is now infamous in American history. To commemorate this incident, the U.S. built a huge Pearl Harbor Memorial Monument.

Redwood National Park
Northwestern California covers an area of 150,000 square kilometers, and Redwood National Park contains some of the world's largest trees. Also known as Coast Redwood Sequoia, the trees grow in the wet and foggy conditions along the coast.. The trunks are crimson in color, and generally stretch to heights of 60 to 84 meters. The average trunk diameter is usually between 2.4 to 3.6 meters. Red cedar lumber, the following branches and leaves fall off on their own, the last 30 meters began to form canopy. Park, a red cedar top, up to l12 meters. The Redwoods towering giant trees, lush.

Painted Desert
The Painted Desert is located in north-central Arizona, and covers an area of about 1.9 million square kilometers, reaching 1,500 meters above sea level in most parts. The area has a great diversity in temperature (41C to a 30C), and strong weather has eroded the bare cliffs into a variety of unusual shapes. As the air is dry, with water scarce, the color of the sand (not altered by chemical change), adorns one of the world's rarest natural landscape. Heat, light, and dust make the desert a blue, amethyst color, with browns, reds, light greens, and grays also present. The local Indians made crafts using these colorful sands, which they sell to tourists.

Golden Gate Bridge
California's Golden Gate suspension Bridge is a miracle of modern engineering, with a width of 1,966 meters and a height of 342 meters. At either end are two giant steel towers, which support the two 0.93 meter diameter steel cables which hang from the wire rope bridge. The steel that spans between towers is 1,280 meters in length, and the bridge opening is 6l meters high. The famous bridge was designed and built by the renowned American engineer Josef Strauss.

Statue of Liberty
The world-famous Statue of Liberty stands tall on Liberty Island in New York harbor, a symbol of the American people and the lofty ideal of freedom. Created by the French sculptor Auguste in the late 19th century, the Statue of Liberty is 46 meters high and is one of the world's tallest monuments. Its official name is the Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World. Wearing the crown of a radiant goddess, the statue is dressed in ancient Roman robes, with the right hand holding up a 12 meter long torch. The left had clings to a symbol of the American Declaration of Independence, a book plate with the inscription "Declaration" and the date " 1776.7.4 " written. The feet are surrounded by broken chains, symbolizing that tyranny has been overthrown.

Polynesian Cultural Center
Ley is located in the north of Oahu, and preserves the history and tradition of the Polynesian culture. Each village has its own national characteristics displayed, with handicrafts and clothing available. The daily life of the villagers is reflected through the original residences and the island's cultural traditions and customs. In the Tongan Village visitors can see beautiful girls making Mulberry clothing; in the Samoan village, robust men show visitors how to pick coconuts; in the Hawaiian Village the women wear garlands around their necks and sew clothes, knit fabric, and make arts and crafts. Girls armed with garlands dance whilst others row boats along the river as a form of parade. The Polynesian Cultural Centre is as a living museum, displaying the many different cultures.

Yellowstone National Park

In 1872, the United States established Yellowstone National Park, the first national park in the country, and the largest park in the world. The Park spans the three states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho, covering an area of 8,956 square kilometers. The name was chosen because the source of the Yellowstone River is found in the park.
Yellowstone National Park is famous for its more than 300 geysers, which account for more than half of the world's geysers. The "Honest" fountain erupts every 65 minutes once every 4 or 5 minutes, and has never deviated from this pattern in over 80 years. With every eruption the hot spring water spray from the ground, reaching up to 40 meters height. In cold weather, when the water column encounters the air it condenses into a cloud of white columns, and the scene is quite spectacular.

Rushmore National Monument Peak
Rushmore National Monument Park is located in southwestern South Dakota, near the town of Rushmore. Pilade peak, a giant stone sculptures. The most famous sculptures is the 1,830 meter peak which bears the faces of four presidents, chiseled into the granite. The four presidents chosen – Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln – were selected due to their outstanding contributions to the development of independence Each stone head is about 18 meters high and is backed by the blue sky. The faces gaze ahead, and the monument is considered to be a masterpiece. The American painter and sculptor Kelsang Bogren was the chief architect on this sculpture. The monument commemorates the historical significance of the four presidents in a permanent and highly artistic way. The sculpture is arguable a great wonder of the world.

50 States of the Country


Guam (U.S.)
The Overseas Territories of Guam is under the jurisdiction of the United States, and is located in the Western Pacific Mariana Islands. Covering an area of 549 square kilometers, Guam has a population of 164,000, mostly of whom are Chamorro people, with others coming from the Philippines and the United States. Residents are Catholic and English is the official language, with Chamorro also spoken. Guam use the American flag and currency, and its capital is Agana.

History

In 1521 Magellan arrived in Guam whist navigating the globe. In 1565 the island became occupied by the Spanish, but after the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, it became the property of the United States. In 1941 it was occupied by Japan, with the U.S. military obtaining it back in 1944 after a major naval and air campaign. In 1950, the United States, through the Guam Organic Act, declared Guam as an unincorporated territory, giving local governments autonomy in Guam, in the final Ministry of the Interior under the jurisdiction of the United States.

Economy and Cultural Customs

The island's income is mainly dependent on tourism and the expenditure of U.S. naval and air bases located on the island. The services sector is a major local industry, with other major industries being construction, light industry, food processing, and oil refining. The main crops are tobacco and fruit.
Recently, the Government of Guam wanted to turn the island into an offshore financial center, but the plan was not implemented. with Guam and the ability to obtain the status of Federal Territory has a lot.


Puerto Rico (U.S.)
Puerto Rico in an island in the Caribbean Sea, east of the Greater Antilles. It covers an area of 9,104 square kilometers, and has a population of 3.86 million, mainly Hispanics. Christianity is the major religion, and the official languages are Spanish and English. The currency is the U.S. dollar and the capital is San Juan.

History

Originally inhabited by indigenous Indians, Puerto Rico was discovered by European in 1495, when Christopher Columbus arrived on the island. In 1509 it was colonized by Spain. On September 15, 1821, independence was declared. In 1898, the Spanish-American War ended with Spanish defeat, and Puerto Rico passed to the United States. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship, and after 1952, obtained the status of U.S. territory.

Economy and Cultural Customs

Manufacturing, tourism, garment, and electronic industries are the main productive sectors. Manufacturing accounts for 40% of the gross national product. The living standards are amongst the highest in Latin America.


U.S. Virgin Islands
The U.S. Virgin Islands are located between the Atlantic and Caribbean Sea, comprising three main islands and about 50 smaller islands, covering a total area of 354 square kilometers. U.S. Overseas Territories, for the United States "unincorporated territory." The population is around 12.5 million, most of whom are West Indian in origin. Residents are primarily Protestant, and English is the official language, although Spanish and Creole are also widely used. The currency is the U.S. dollar, and the capital is Charlotte Amalie.

History

The Arawak Indians and the Karubi originally inhabited the islands, but in 1495 the Europeans, and almost all indigenous people were massacred. In the 16th century the land became the property of Spain, later passing to the Netherlands, Britain, France and Malta. In 1670 Denmark St. Thomas and St. John the two islands, according to the colony. 1755 St. Croix was formed after the French sold the Danish West Indies Denmark. In 1917, the U.S. spent 25 million dollars to buy islands from Denmark. Residents from the islands became U.S. citizens in 1927, but are not entitled to vote in the U.S. presidential election.

Economy and Cultural Customs

The economy is dependent on the United States, with 90% of its trade between Puerto Rico and the United States. Tourism accounts for 60% of the gross domestic product.

 

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