Turkmenistan - Desert Ranch
Turkmenistan, located in southwestern Central Asia, is a landlocked
country. In addition to the capital, the country occupies an area of
491,200 square kilometers with a population of 6.3 million, 77% of
whom are Turkmen, with the rest Russians, Uzbeks, and so on.
Residents are Muslim. The official language is Turkmen, with Russian
also spoken. The currency is the manat. The capital is Ashgabat
Turkmenistan's national flag is green, with a carpet running top to
bottom on the flagpole side, along with an olive branch and a
crescent, which is a symbol of a bright future. Green is the
traditional color, while the traditional carpet patterns symbolize
the country's ideas and religious beliefs. The olive branch
symbolizes peace and neutrality.
The Persians, Macedonians, Turks, Arabs, and Mongol Tatars have been
established in this country in different parts of history. The shape
of the Turkmen nation was established in the 15th century. In the
late 1860s and 1880s, part of Turkmenistan's territory was Russian
(outside the Caspian Sea states). In 1917, the Turkmen people
attended the February and October Socialist Revolutions, and the
same year, in December, Soviet power over their soil was
established. On October 27, 1924, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist
Republic was established and joined the Soviet Union. On October 27,
1991, the country declared independence, becoming the country called
Turkmenistan. On December 21st of the same year, it joined the
Commonwealth of Independent States. On December 12, 1995, it
declared permanent neutral status.
Economic and Cultural Customs
A low-lying territory, 90% of the land is covered by desert, so the
country is said to be a "desert ranch." The main agricultural
products are wheat, barley, fruit, and animal husbandry, mainly
sheep breeding in Karakul. Wool carpet is exported to more than 50
countries. Oil and natural gas are pillar industries of its economy.
The Karakum Canal is one of the world's longest canals.
Kunya-urgench Heritage Area
In the state of Dashaoguzi lies the ruined capital of ancient
Khorezm of Gu Wuer Genc. Its architectural monuments are among the
famous monuments in Asia. One of the most valuable was built in the
7th century, a house of an out in law in Iraq tomb. There is also a
14th century hanuy tomb and the famous 14th century Kuniewuer Genc
obelisk. The tower is the most distinctive ancient building; it is
cone-shaped, 62 meter tall, twisting tower with 143 steps to the
top. The mausoleum door is decorated with exquisite carved patterns.
Turkmenistan's political, economic and cultural center, Ashgabat Is
located in at the edge of the world-famous Kara Kum desert.
Ashgabat's production of anti-pad glass and centrifugal pumps have a
high reputation in domestic and international markets. Ashgabat is
particularly well-known globally for its carpet. Its high-quality
wool carpets are not only a fine everyday necessity, but are also
valuable works of art.