Turkey - the end of the Silk Road
Turkey, also known as the Republic of Turkey, is located in Western
Asia and straddles Asia and Europe.. Covering an area of 779,450
square kilometers, it has a population of 70.71 million, more than
80% of whom are Turks. Kurds account for about 15%. Residents are
Muslim, and Turkish is the national language. Turkish lira is the
currency. Ankara is the capital.
The flag is red, with a curved white crescent and a white
five-pointed star. The moon and star mark the Islamic faith and are
also a symbol of good luck and happiness.
Turkey, known to history as Turk, moved into the area from the Altai
Mountains in Asia Minor in the 8th century. In the 13th century came
the late establishment of the Ottoman Empire, which had its heydey
at the end of the 16th century. In the early 20th century, it ws
reduced to semi-colonial status by Britain, France, Germany, and
other countries. On October 29, 1923, the Republic of Turkey was
Economic and Cultural Customs
Turkey's agricultural production is well-developed. Not only
self-sufficient, Turkish agricultural products are exported to
Europe and the Middle East, enjoying a reputation as the "super-city
of the Middle East Young." In addition to wheat, barley, corn,
beans, and tobacco, Turkey grows cotton, known for its quality.
Turkey is also rich in nuts, fruits, vegetables, dried figs, dried
grapes, olives, and meat, exports of which are highest in the world.
Livestock rearing involves cattle, horses, and sheep, for which
Ankara has long had a reputation in the world.
Turkey is also famous for handicrafts, the most characteristic of
which is the firing ceramics, carpets, and gold and silver
ornaments. Firing ceramics are made of single glazed porcelain clay
and originated in China.
Turkish cuisine is eclectic with the influence of all ethnic
groups. There are dozens of barbecueand more than 40 kinds of dishes
made with eggplant. Turkish cuisine is recognized as leading the
world in cuisine after China and French cuisine. The unique flavor
of "white cheese" and marinated olives are essential to meals.
Turkish coffee is famous for its unique method of preparation in the
Turkey's famous spas. Here is an exposed surface of limestone
mountains, the calcium-rich spring water flowing down along the
mountain. After thousands of years, it gradually formed a white
stalactite on the hillside, accumulating a group one hundred meters
high. Springs on the hillside gathering together into small lakes of
varying size. From afar, the whole region looks like a castle made
of cotton, a strange and spectacular sight.
Sultan Ahmed Mosque
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul is one of the architectural
treasures of the Ottoman Empire. This beautiful building was built
in 1609. Embedded in its walls are more than 21,000 blue flower
tiles, and it is thus known as the "Blue Mosque." Light shines
through the window into the light blue living room, bringing out the
special divine conception. The Blue Mosque building is unique. There
are six tall and straight minarets outside, and the tower forms
combinations of steps to show solemnity and order. The Blue Mosque
is large and can accommodate 3,500 worshipers.
The Mediterranean, located in southern Europe, North Africa and
Southwest Asia, is the world's largest inland sea. About 4000 km in
width, 1800 km from north to south, it has a total area of 2,505,000
square kilometers. The average depth is about 1,500 meters, and the
maximum depth is 5092 meters. As the waters evaporate quickly, salt
content is higher than the world average for seawater (about 35%),
up to 39.5%. The Mediterranean Sea and its islands have been divided
into the Ligurian Sea peninsula, the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Adriatic
Sea, the Ionian Sea, and the Aegean sea. Mediterranean coastal areas
have a specific climate, with the typical Mediterranean climate
having a mild, rainy winter, a cool, dry summer, and a short spring
Ancient Mediterranean Europe, Asia, and Africa were the economic
and cultural crossroads of ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, those
civilization whose culture spread to the rest of the world. These
civilizations were known as "the cradle of civilization."
Cappadocia rocks area
Located in central Turkey. With a history of volcanic activity,
rugged rock formations formed the unique landscape. With
conical-shaped rocks or a sharp protrusion, the sun will cast their
shadows into the deep valley in between. Residents from different
periods had different purposes, and so they dug caves along with the
natural caves. In the desolate valley of stone, many built teaching
churches, so that the whole region became a huge natural museum, the
natural rock form giving exquisite harmony to the church building.
Within the church there are many fine religious murals.
From the ancient Greek legend, in the 12th century BC, the Trojan
prince Paris abducted the Spartan king Houhai Lun, so Greece led a
massive attack on Troy. Later, the Greeks pretended to retreatand
abandoned a wooden horse outside the city. Trojan soldiers brought
the horse into the city as a trophy. At night, soldiers hidden
inside the Trojan horse defeated the city of Troy in one fell swoop.
This is the history of the famous "Trojan horse." Now a "Trojan
horse" is a computer program that is placed on a computer system,
leaving a backdoor in the system so that attackers can bypass
security facilities to obtain control of the system.