Sweden - Europe saw Kiba
The Kingdom of Sweden is in northern Europe and southeast
Scandinavia. "Swedish" is the language. “Sweden” means "relative" in
that language. Covering an area of 449,960 square kilometers, it has
a population of 8.98 million, 90% of whom are Swedish. Residents are
Evangelical Lutheran. The official language is Swedish. The currency
is the SEK. The capital is Stockholm (stockholm).
The flag is blue, with a yellow cross on the left. Blue and yellow
are the colors of the Swedish King.
Before and after the year 1100, the Swedish State began to take
shape. In 1157, Sweden annexed Finland. In 1397, with Denmark and
Norway, Sweden joined the Kalmar Union, formed by Danish rule. In
1525, Sweden declared independence from the Union. The country was
strong from 1654-1719, as it included the present territory of
Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, parts of Russia, Poland, and
the Baltic coast of Germany. In 1718 in Russia, Denmark, and Poland,
operations gradually declined after a failure. Began participation
in the Napoleonic wars in 1805, in 1809, after losing to Russia,
Sweden was forced to cede Finland. In 1814, Denmark, Norway, and
Sweden formed a union. Norwegian independence was declared in 1905.
Sweden remained neutral in the two world wars.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Sweden is economically very developed. The implementation of high
wages, high taxes, numerous public services, and social insurance is
known as the "welfare state." In order to maintain the high welfare
state, the Swedish tax rate is the highest in the world. Swedish
high-tech and high-quality industry have led it to prominence in the
automotive, mechanical, electrical and other industries, enjoying a
worldwide reputation. Livestock occupy about 80% of land area. With
forest coverage of 54%, every year a large number of wood products
are exported to other European countries.
It is taboo in Sweden for a stranger to ask about another
person's political orientation or age.. Sweden imposes heavy fines
for drunken driving. Sweden's strict alcohol policy means that, if
drinking at home, you also need a designated place to buy licenses
and pay taxes.
Stockholm, Sweden, has 14 blocks of varying size, composed of
islands and peninsula, said to be the "northern Venice." The annual
Nobel Prize ceremony is held at City Hall, promoted in the 20th
century as one of Europe's most beautiful buildings. The Palace is
said to be the "Nordic Versailles," and people feel as if they were
the 18th century back in the old days.
Born in 1833 and died in 1896, Alfred Nobel is a famous Swedish
chemist, engineer, and industrialist. Nobel was very studious young
man who became a chemist at 16 years of age. He invented
nitroglycerine explosives, which earned him great wealth, and he
patented CPC 355. Before his death, he gave most of his property
($9.2 million U.S.) to a trust, which became the highest
international honor, the Nobel prize. The five original Nobel Prizes
were in peace, literature, physics, chemistry, biology, and
medicine. Nobel, in his will, stipulates that bonuses should be
granted to the project that "makes the greatest contribution to
human person." The first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1901. In 1968,
an additional Prize in Economics was provided by the Bank of Sweden.
Nobel Prize winners are not chosen without regard to nationality,
ethnicity, ideology or religion.