The Kingdom of Swaziland is located in southeastern Africa, covering
an area of 17,360 square kilometers. It has a population of about
1.06 million people, most of whom are ethnic Swaziland.
Approximately 60% of the population are either Protestant or
Catholic, and the remaining adhere to traditional local religion.
English and Svaty are the official languages, the currency is the
Lilanjini, and the apital is Mbabane.
Swaziland’s national flag contains the colors blue, red and yellow,
with a painted and patterned traditional shield with spears in the
center. The red symbolizes battle, yellow symbolizes the rich
mineral resources, and blue symbolizes peace.
In the late 15th century, Central and East African people began a
gradual southward migration to Swaziland, where they settled and
established a kingdom by the 16th century. After 1907, Swaziland
became a British protectorate, and on September 6, 1968,
independence was declared, with the country officially named the
Kingdom of Swaziland. So far, Swaziland is the only country in
southern Africa to avoid political activities, and is one of the
world’s only absolute monarchies.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Swaziland is more than just a land of mountains and plateaus.
Topography from west to east, the formation of high, medium and low
three ladder area. There are also numerous rivers and waterholes, as
well as beautiful scenery and pleasant weather. The economy is
dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry, with primary crops
being rice, corn, peanuts, and cotton. Cattle, sheep, and horses are
the main livestock kept. With food, wood fortunately only, cement,
chemical fertilizer, textile and other spread sectors king.
Traditionally men wear shawl skins and women wear dresses and shawls
with colored yarn. Every year, unmarried women gather and dress in
reed costumes, line up outside the Queen Mother's residence and
rhythmically toss bundles of reeds. After this, they dance.