South Africa - Gold Country
The Republic of South Africa is located at the southern tip of
Africa, and covers an area of 1,219,000 square kilometers. It has a
population of 45.45 million, 70% of whom are black. Residents are
Protestant or Catholic, and there are 11 official languages, with
English and Afrikaner being the most common. The currency is the
Rand and the capital is Pretoria.
The South African national flag contains the colors black, yellow,
green, white, red, and blue, the six colors serving as a symbol of
Originally inhabited by the San people, the area was eventually
populated by Kuwaitis and Iraqis, with the Bantu also arriving from
the north. In the 17th century, the Dutch and British invaded and
continued to advance their mainland colonies. In 19th century, the
white rulers established four political entities: the two British
colonies of Cape and Natal, and the two Dutch colonies of the Boer
Republic, known as the Republic of South Africa Transvaal and the
Orange Free State. From 1899 to 1902 the two colonizing countries
fought in the Anglo-Dutch war. In 1910, the Union of South Africa
became autonomous from the UK, , and on May 31, 1961, the Republic
of South Africa was established and the country left the
Commonwealth. In 1994, Nelson Mandela became South Africa's first
Economy and Cultural Customs
South Africa is one of Africa's most economically developed
countries with the highest degree of modernization. it is also known
as the "Golden Kingdom" because of its gold reserves, but it also
produces platinum, manganese, vanadium, and titanium. Mining,
manufacturing and agriculture are the three pillars of the economy.
Gold mining, drilling equipment, rail manufacturing, automobile
assembly, and cardiac surgery are among the best in the world. In
addition, iron and steel, machinery, electrical goods, chemicals,
food, and other industries are also prolific.
South Africa has three capitals: Pretoria, the administrative
capital; Cape Town, the legislative capital, and; Bloemfontein, the
judicial capital. If any city raises the South African flag, it
means the President is currently in the city.
South Africa's Zulu people still retain a traditional way of life,
with women larger than men but socially inferior to them.
South Africa is a paradise for wild animals, with an abundance of
flora and fauna. There are elephants, white rhinos, hippopotamuses,
lions, giraffes, dogs, and other mammals, as well as over 880
different species of birds, 800 butterfly species, and more than
22,000 plant species. This is why it is often said that South Africa
has the "Earth's biggest wildlife gallery."
Cape of Good Hope
Located at the southwestern tip of the African continent, the Cape
of Good Hope is surround by waves all year. In 1486, the Portuguese
explorer Dias called the area the "crisis corners." In 1497 the
Portuguese explorers landed on their way to India. The area then
became known as the Cape of Good Hope. Before the opening of the
Suez Canal, the Cape of Good Hope was the only means of connecting
Europe and Asia by sea. Today, it remains one of the world's busiest
shipping lanes, with around four thousand vessels passing this way
South African Diamond
The formation of natural diamonds requires high temperatures and
special circumstances. In a volcanic eruption, the underground magma
may be formed in the ground 2000 km deep diamonds to the surface.,
Thus, a cooling volcanic pipe hole is the easiest place to find
diamonds. In 1871, diamonds were found in two ancient dormant
volcanoes located in the central highlands of South Africa. A few
years later a mining company was set up and called Kimberley after
the British colonial minister. After this the rest of the world came
to know the rock called kimberlite.
Kimberley is now a famous diamond town, near the world's largest
diamond mine. Approximately 14.5 million kt (1 carat = 0.2 grams) of
diamonds were drilled and excavated, and now that the mineral
resources have been depleted the mine is now open for visitors.
Kruger National Park
Located in northeastern South Africa, Kruger National Park is South
Africa’s largest wildlife park, spanning 320 kilometers in length,
64 kilometers in width, and covering about 20,000 square kilometers.
It provides a natural habitat for elephants, lions, rhinos, wild
buffalo, antelope, giraffes, and other mammals, but also is wear the
endemic African Baobab grows.