Sierra Leone - Diamond town
Sierra Leone in West Africa, all known as the Republic of Sierra
Leone. Portuguese means "Lion." Area of 7.2326 million square
kilometers j. Population of 5.6 million, mainly Mandy race, Tai
Munai family, Limba and more than 20 tribes. Residents are Islam and
Christianity. The official language is English. Money for the Leon.
Capital, Freetown (Freetown).
Sierra Leone's flag is green, white and blue: green is a symbol
of agriculture, natural resources and the mountains, white signifies
unity and justice and blue the sea and a symbol of hope.
In the 13th century, the Mandy people came into the area. In
1462, the Portuguese colonialists invaded. The Netherlands, France
and Britain also followed the arrival of colonialists. Then, 400
"free" slaves, settled in Freetown (the Liberty City). In 1808, the
coastal areas became a British colony. In 1896, it became a British
protectorate. On April 27, 1961, there was a declaration of
independence, but it remained in the Commonwealth. On April 19,
1971, it became a republic.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Low-lying to the east, the west of Sierra Leone is hilly and
plateaus, 500 to 600 m above sea level. It has a backward economy,
mainly agriculture and mining. Crops are rice, cassava, palm oil and
coffee. Diamond, gold, bauxite and iron ore mining are also common.
It has rich fishery resources, mainly Bangka, tuna, yellow croaker,
herring and prawns.
Sierra Leone's diamonds have a high purity. The country's good
processing technology means it is known as "the diamond town." The
"Star of Sierra Leone" diamond weighed 969.9 kt. The local mining
industry can be divided into two categories: the mechanized mining
of large companies and individual miners. The Ceva River gravel
contains diamonds over an area of 160 km. There is a prevalence of
secret societies; men generally have to join a club and outsiders
cannot enter without permission.