Qatar is on the Persian Gulf on the west coast of the Qatar
peninsula. Covering an area of 11,440 square kilometers, it has a
population of 620,000, about 40% of whom are local residents, with
the rest foreigners. Residents are Muslim. Arabic is the official
language, and English is also spoken. The currency is the Qatar
riyal. The capital is Doha (Ad Dawhah).
The left side of the flag of Qatar is white, while the right side is
purple. The boundary between the two colors is a zigzag.
In the 7th century, Qatar was part of the Arab Empire. The
Portuguese invaded in 1517. In 1555, it was incorporated into the
Ottoman empire. In 1846, the Emirate of Qatar was setablished. In
1882, the British invaded. On September 5, 1971, Qatar declared
Economic and Cultural Customs
The oil industry is its economic mainstay; Qatar is one of the
world's leading oil exporters. Agriculture is characteristic of
desert agriculture, growing cereal products, vegetables, fruits,
dates, and feed. There is a coastal fishing industry and a long
history of pearl collection.