The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked country located in
south-central South America, named after the Paraguay River. An area
of 407,000 square kilometers is home to a population of about 5.2
million, predominantly Mestizo. Residents are Catholic and the
official languages are Spanish and Guarani. The currency is the
Guarani and Asuncion is the capital.
Paraguay’s flag contains three horizontal strips of red, white, and
blue, with an emblem in the center..
Paraguay was first inhabited by the indigenous Guarani people. In
1537, it was colonized by Spain. On May 14, 1811, independence was
declared. In 1865, the Lopez Government consolidated and expanded
the site independence, attacked Brazil to the southwest. Brazil and
Argentina, Uruguay, the combined forces of the Palestinian
Paraguay declared war, and after five years of war, Pakistani
suffered a military defeat, and the Lopez government ceded territory
and nearly half of the narrow boundaries of Paraguay. Since the
1970s, power has shifted between the Colorado Party and Liberal
Economy and Cultural Customs
Paraguay’s economy is based on agriculture, animal husbandry, and
forestry, but is one of the poorest industries in Latin America. The
major agricultural products are corn, wheat, rice, cotton, tobacco,
and tea. Paraguay is one of the main exporters of meat, timber,
cotton, tobacco, and vegetable oil, importing machinery, vehicles,
fuel, and chemicals.
Paraguayan hospitality generation rife with mate, that of
friendship. 5-day cold days has become the custom of celebrating the
The Paraguay River runs north to south, dividing the country into
two parts: the east is mountainous, with hills and undulating
plains, and the west is comprised mainly of forests and grasslands.
The river is rich in resources, and the forest covers 51% of the
total land area, with walnut growing in abundance. Ax breaking
ground extremely hard wood is the raw material extracted tannins.
Itaipu Hydropower Station is the largest in the country, located on
the Paraná River between Brazil and Paraguay. It is the world's
second largest hydropower station, generating a total power of 12.6
million kilowatts (second only to China's Yangtze River Three Gorges
Power Station). This hydro-electric dam is 7,744 meters long, 196
meters high, and is the world’s highest dam (the Three Gorges Dam is
2,500 meters long and 185 meters high).