Nigeria - West Africa, the Land of Abundance
The Republic of Nigeria, which means “the Niger river by land,” is
located in the south-eastern region of West Africa. A population of
1.3 million reside in an area of 923,700 square kilometers,
including more than 250 tribes, amongst them the Hausa-Fulani,
Yoruba, and Igbo people. Christianity and Islam are the principal
religions, with English the official language. The currency is the
naira and the capital is Abuja.
Nigeria's national flag has two vertical strips of green on the
right and left hand side, symbolizing the agriculture. In the middle
there is a vertical strip of white which represents peace and
Nigeria is Africa's oldest in the world. In 8th century, Zaghawa
nomads established a bornu Canine Empire around Lake Chad. From 14th
to 16th century, the Songhai Empire flourished. In 1472, the
Portuguese invaded, with the British invading a century later. In
1914 Nigeria became a British colony. On October 1, 1960
independence was declared and Nigeria became member of the
Commonwealth. On 1 O, 1963 the Federal Republic of Nigeria was
established, and since independence many military coups have taken
place, with a long history of military control.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Crops are the staple of the economy, principally sorghum, millet,
maize, rice, oil palm, cocoa, and peanuts. Natural rubber production
in the world. The country is rich in tropical timber, mainly
mahogany, African sycamore wood column cap, large green handle Sang,
Congo, and other valuable timber hematoxylin. Natural mineral
resources include oil and big gas reserves. A "day in West Africa
government of the State "reputation.
Nigerian culture was evident as early as 2000 years ago, with the
now famous Nok, Ife and Benin civilizations creating what is
considered "the cradle of black non-culture."
An interesting trait of the Igbo people is the custom of ‘fattening’
a woman prior to marriage. This is where the woman is segregated
from her family and encouraged to gain wait, symbolizing her change
from girl to woman, ready for marriage and procreation. If the woman
was unsuccessfully in marriage then she would continue to "fatten."
Nigeria's national musical instruments are unique and endemic to the
country. The Kalangu is a double-sided drum, often used for
religious chants or to accompany dances. The Sackler is a percussion
instrument made from a dried gourd, which when shaken or lashed
produces a rustling sound. Cougar hit by two wrought iron bell
system, each piece may issue a different bell sounds.