Malta – the Heart of the Mediterranean
Malta in the central Mediterranean island, full name of the
Republic of Malta. An area of 316 square kilometers. Population of
about 397,000, mostly Maltese, other Arabs, Italians and so on.
Residents are Catholic. Maltese and English as official language.
Currency liri. Valletta (Valletta).
Malta has a flag composed of two equal vertical red and white
rectangles, with the top left side depicting pieces of silver inlaid
with a red George Cross design. White symbolizes purity and red
symbolizes the blood of warriors. As the people of Malta in World
War II combated bravery, in 1942 it was awarded King George VI
The Phoenicians settled there in the eighth century BC. From 218
BC it was under Roman rule. After the ninth century, it was occupied
by the Arabs and the Normans. In 1525, in Jerusalem, the Knights of
St. John moved here from Rhode Island. In 1798, the Knights defeated
the French army. After British occupation in 1800, it became a
British colony in 1814. On September 21, 1964, there was the formal
declaration of independence from the Commonwealth.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Malta's agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery are developed,
and it mainly relies on food imports. Its main crops are wheat,
barley, onions, beans and vegetables. Its major industrial sector is
ship repair and shipbuilding. Other industries are food processing
and beverages, garments, rubber, paper products and printing,
leather processing and tobacco. About 50% of its industrial products
are for export. Tourism is another important pillar of its economy.
Malta is no other mineral resources, but is very rich in stones.
This stone is a soft limestone, and cutting, sawing and planing can
be easy. Lin Lin has just mining the stone water, wet, very soft,
with the wind and sun, gradually hard. Maltese people have used this
special material to build ancient castles and palaces. Maltese
housing is also built with this stone. This stone buildings form the
island's unique scenery.
These underwater caves are a well-known tourist area of Malta and
are located southwest of the island. Blue Hole is about 30~40 m
deep, 20 to 30 m wide and more than 150 m long. It has a long
history in the era and has been gradually formed by the impact of
erosion by the waves. As the submarine rocks and water colors set
off its brilliance, fire from the caves releases a variety of
brilliant blue colors.