Madagascar - the Hometown of China Manila
Madagascar is located in the southwest Indian Ocean, and is the
world's fourth largest island, covering an area of 627,000 square
kilometers. Population of 16.98 million, with Yi Maili that race,
card race, Bashiri a little family, Sakalava family in 18 tribes.
Residents are primarily Christian and French is the official
language, although Malagasy is also spoken. The currency is the
Madagascar franc and the capital is Tana River (Antananarivo).
Madagascar’s flag is white, red, and green The white vertical strip
symbolizes purity, the horizontal red strip symbolizes of
sovereignty, and the horizontal green strip symbolizes hope.
At the end of the 16th century, the Yi Maili lived in the middle of
the island and established Wang Yi Maili country. In 1794, the Yi
Maili developed a Kingdom based on a feudal system. In the 19th
century the island was finally unified and the Kingdom of Madagascar
established. In 1896 it became a French colony, and on October 14,
1958, it became part of the French Community and an autonomous
republic. On June 26, 1960, independence was declared, and the
Malagasy Republic established, also known as the First Republic. On
December 12, 1975, the country changed its name to the Democratic
Republic of Madagascar, also known as the Second Republic. On August
19, 1992, it again changed its name to the Republic of Madagascar.
Drought in the western region of Madagascar means that the only
plants that can grow are those that can retain water in their stems
and leaves. One such plant is called "travelers, in", which reaches
more than 20 meters high, standing tall and straight, with giant fan
leaves which store kilograms of water. People with a knife poke
holes into the plant to access water, thus relieving their thirst
during a journey.
Economy and Cultural Customs
The Madagascan economy is dominated by agriculture, with over 80% of
the population employed in this sector. Animal husbandry in also
plays an important role in the economy of Madagascar, which has a
vast grassland where cattle, sheep, and pigs are raised. Cloves,
pepper, and Chinese Manila (a Chinese climbing orchid) production is
also amongst the highest in the world.
Cosmetics, liqueur and other foods also are important industries.
The country is also rich in mineral resources, and has Africa’s main
Madagascar is often referred to as “the red island” due to the red
soil, which gets its color from surface weathering. Having split
from the mainland many years before, the long years of isolation has
resulted in the evolution and preservation of species, nearly 80% of
which are endemic to the island. The island contains dense jungle,
with a plethora of plant varieties, including no less than 10,000
species of flowers and herbs; the island is one great botanical
garden. More than 500 kinds of endemic amphibians, reptiles and
mammals live on the island, with many of them the last remain of
species which are now extinct everywhere else. Berenty Nature
Reserve contains chameleons, colorful butterflies and birds, lush
cacti, tamarind trees, lemurs and other unique wildlife, attracting
many biologists and scientists.
Ma Jia Sijia close fight customs and far from the African continent,
with Asian countries separated by vast oceans are quite similar in
Indonesia. Madagascan people revere snakes and crocodiles as sacred
beings, and see the cow as a symbol of wealth, making it a national
symbol. The cattle have a high peak, shaped like a hump, so are
known as "hump buffalo."
The Lemur is regarded as the national treasure of Madagascar. With a
fox-like body, long tail, and primate-like head, the lemur has a
gentle temperament and lives in the island’s virgin forest. They are
gregarious and eat fruit and leaves. They are also distant relatives
of apes and humans. One relative, the aye-aye, is referred to by the
scientific community as a ‘living fossil,’ as it is threatened with
Living fossil island
Madagascar is often referred to as a "living fossil island," since a
large number of fossils of rare animals and birds have been
discovered, including the world’s only fossil eggs. A sub-species of
large lemurs were also found, and in 1968 bird skeletons were
excavated in the southern region, now considered to be
paleontological treasures. Other fossils include those of dinosaurs,
hippopotamuses, and crocodiles, as well as wonderful, colorful
butterflies, insects and plants.
More than half of the world's chameleons live on Madagascar. Their
skin pigment cells reflect the light, and sense temperature and
emotional change, simulating the color of the surrounding
environment, enabling chameleons to camouflage themselves. Their
eyes can rotate, giving them a sharp-eyed, wide view. When they
encounter predators encountered in a tree they drop to the ground to