Israel - Old and Young country
Israel is located in Western Asia. According to the 1947 United
Nations resolution on the partition of Palestine, the State of
Israel's area is 14,900 square kilometers. Israel has a population
of 6.75 million, of whom 76.7% are Jewish, with the rest Arabs,
Druze, and others. Most of the residents are Jewish. Hebrew and
Arabic are the official languages, and English is also spoken. NIS
is the currency. At founding, the capital was Tel Aviv, but it moved
to Jerusalem in 1950.
The white flag has blue bands at top and bottom. White and blue come
from the colors of the Jewish prayer shawl. In the middle is the
Star of David, a king of ancient Israel.
Jewish ancestors are the offshoot of ancient Semitic Hebrews,
originated about 4000 in Mesopotamia, after the result of a
migration to avoid natural disasters in the eastern Nile Delta in
Egypt. In 13 BC, the world began to move to Palestine from Egypt. In
1917, the British occupied Palestine, and, on July 24, 1922, the
League of Nations gave the British "Mandate Instructions" on
Palestine, providing for the establishment of a "Jewish national
home." On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly
adopted a resolution establishing the Palestinian Arab and Jewish
States. On May 14, 1948, Israel was established.
On July 30, 1980, the Knesset passed a bill declaring that
Jerusalem is Israel's "eternal and indivisible" capital. (The status
of Jerusalem and its attribution to the Arab States and Israel have
always been controversial.) For the majority of countries with
diplomatic relations with Israel, their embassies are still located
in Tel Aviv. At the founding of Israel, its area was 1.49 million
square meters, but after the 1948 and 1973 wars, Israel actually
controls about 25,000 square kilometers.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Israel's economys is of mixed type and is relatively developed, one
of the largest industrial countries in the Middle East. In
agriculture, industry, technology, and higher levels of the
military, the private sector owns a large proportion, but there is
strict government control of key sectors. Military and diamond
processing industries are most prominent. Israel has the world's
most advanced diamond processing technology, and its output of small
polished gems ranks first in the world. As with all small economies,
the domestic market is not large. Economic growth depends mainly on
export-driven expansion, and Israel has been very creative in
developing export trade. Because of the long period of hostility
with all the surrounding Arab countries, much of its foreign trade
is into distant markets. The main trade partners are Europe, the
United States, and Japan.
Israel terrain is narrow, mostly plateau and desert territory.
The plateau on the Mediterranean coastal plain is of varying size.
This is Israel's major agricultural area. Agricultural products are
citrus fruits, wheat, cereals, vegetables, fresh produce, dairy,
poultry, and fish.
Jewish people are experts in business and financial management.
Diaspora Jews around the world only 1500 people, gathered a small
number of Que enormous wealth, the world economy has greatly
affected; Israel per capita income, behind only Japan among Asian
countries, Hu Shao Shu oil-rich countries, the successful secret
Zaiyu Jewish ethnic diaspora in the long run, the formation of a
unique business culture. In general, Israelis' personality is
impatient and tired of etiquette, but frank and honest.
The Israeli government attaches importance to education; the
number of books per capita ranks first in the world. Israelis love
music and archeology. A variety of large and small archaeological,
artistic, and history museums are all over the country. Archaeology
is a major leisure activities of many Israelis.
Smoking is allowed in public places in Israel. It is forbidden to
take pictures in the Jewish settlements, especially for foreign
workers which can be taboo.
Located in the Palestinian area on the central plateau, 790 meters
above sea level, the city's Old Townis east with West, North, and
South Metro areas. Residents are mainly Jews and Arabs. Christianity
holds that the city was the center of the life of Jesus, with his
evangelism, martyrdom and resurrection taking place here or near
here; Muslims believe that Mohammed ascended to heaven from here.
Jews believe that King Solomon built the ancient Jewish temple here.
From the religious point of view, no city in the world can be
compared to this ancient city in the Middle East on the eastern
Mediterranean. The world's three major religions, Judaism,
Christianity, and Islam, consider Jerusalem to be a holy place. The
three major religions all have many legends about Jerusalem. Israel
declared Jerusalem to be its "permanent capital" in 1980. In
November 1988, a Palestinian state was proclaimed, with Jerusalem as
its capital as well.
Threshold of the world's Jewish and Christian holy sites, Bethlehem
is an important pilgrimage and tourist center. In Christian legend,
the "savior" Jesus was born here. In the legend of the Kingdom of
King David, the Jewish homeland of Israel. Bethlehem's most famous
religious monument is the Christmas Cathedral, the world's oldest
existing Christian Church. It is located in Bethlehem in a cave on
Mahe De Plaza. Bethlehem is also the center of religious souvenir
production, rich in olive wood and pearl shell, used as the raw
material for sacred objects and embroidery crafts. Local residents
have their own traditional clothing, with a unique style of color
and embroidery pattern.
Also known as the Western Wall, the Wailing Wall is a shrine of
Judaism, located on the eastern outskirts of the Old City of
Jerusalem. The wall is about 19 meters, twelve stories of stone
blocks. In the 10th century BC, in the ancient Kingdom of Israel,
King David's son Solomon, built the first Jewish temple on Mount
Zion in Jerusalem, which gradually became their religious,
political, social, and cultural center. Rome completely destroyed
the temple in 135 AD, and the vast majority of Jews were expelled
into the Diaspora in Europe. Later, only the ruins of the temple
building remainded, a wall. After thousands of years, the Jews
scattered in a situation of misery around the world, especially
during World War II when the German fascists brutally destroyed over
six million Jews. Many of these painful historical experiences are
etched into the hearts of the Jews. Therefore, this is the "Wailing
Wall" in the name of history.
Lowest city in the world - Jericho
Jericho has had 1,000 years of history. It is located 10 km NATO
Hercynian dead, seven kilometers west of the Jordan River. Lying 250
meters below sea level, barren land in vast green space, known as
"God's Garden." It produces herbs, with incense especially famous.
Dates, rich tropical fruits, and vegetables are also grown. Cold