Guatemala - the cradle of Mayan Culture
The Republic of Guatemala is located in the northwest of Central
America, covering an area of L0.9 million square kilometers. It has
a population of 11.24 million, of which 43% of Indians, with the
remaining percentage the mestizo, who are descendants of European
immigrants. Catholicism is the primary religion, and the official
language is Spanish, although 23 kinds of Quiché dialects are also
spoken. The currency is the quetzal and the capital is Guatemala.
Guatemala’s flag takes its colors from the national colors of the
original Central American Federation flag. It contains two blue
vertical strips to the left and right, symbolic of the Pacific Ocean
and Caribbean Sea, with a vertical white stripe in the middle
symbolizing the pursuit of peace. In the center there is a painted
In 1524 the country was colonized by Spain. On September 15, 1821,
independence was declared, and in 1825 Guatemala joined the Central
American Federation, becoming a republic in 1859.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Guatemala’s economy is dominated by agriculture, with coffee,
cotton, sugar cane, and bananas the primary crops. The country is
Central America's second-largest coffee producer, and the largest
exporter of cardamom. Important industries include mining, cement,
sugar, and textile. The country’s forests cover two thirds of the
total land area, allowing for the production of the world-famous
mahogany. This gives Guatemala the nickname of "Forest of the
Guatemala is one of the centers of the ancient Mayan culture, and
has the world's largest concentration of native Indian population,
culture, and has best preserved the Mayan kingdom.
Guatemala has colorful ethnic costumes in a variety of styles, with
more than 100 different tribal clothing styles, patterns, and
colors, which tell the observer which tribe the wearer comes from.
Men and women wear embroidered clothing, which are not only
decorative but are also symbolic, such as wearing a feathered
serpent and the sun symbol of the Maya.
Ancient city of Tikal
The ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Tikal are located in the
northeastern Peten jungle. Built between the 3rd century BC and the
9th century BC, the city was later abandoned. Distributed throughout
the city, 130 square kilometers in range, some downtown about 15
square kilometers. Pyramids, palaces, temples and other ancient
architectural ruins 300 years ago demonstrated the AD bright as Yao
Hou Maya culture in which the 1st pyramid shape like a crouch on the
result of forests being the Puma, which is called "Puma Pyramid."
Tower 52 meters high. Top built temple, which has become a tourist