France - Romantic country
France places for Western Europe, King called the French
Republic. An area of almost 551,600 square kilometers. Population of
61.7 million, mainly for the French national people, ethnic
minorities have Alsace, Brittany, Corsica and so on. Residents are
Catholic teaching. French is spoken. Currency is the euro. Capital
of Paris (Paris).
From left to right, the French flag has three blue, white and red
vertical stripes. This 'tricolor' flag was the symbol of French
Revolution because the three colors represent freedom, equality and
In the fifth century, the Franks established the Frankish
kingdom. In 843, the country became an independent state. The 17th
and 18th centuries saw the reign of Louis XIV and the heyday of the
feudal society. On July 14, 1789, there was the outbreak of the
bourgeois revolution when the rebels captured the Bastille. Since
then, the Republic has established a five once and the two empires.
In May 1871, the Paris commune was suppressed. After 1958, de Gaulle
established the Fifth Republic. After World War II, owing to the
national independence movement, the majority of French colonies
gained independence, and the rest was divided into French overseas
departments and territories.
The highest building in Paris, the Eiffel Tower is 320.7 m high,
has 1,710 steps and weighs 9,000 tons. Designed by the French bridge
engineer Gustav Eiffel, it was built to celebrate the 100th
anniversary of the French bourgeoisie. Looked at from one side, it
looks like an upside down letter "Y." From the tower, visitors can
see the church spire outside the Chatelet tower 96 km southeast of
Paris as well as the city other famous landmarks such as the Arc de
Triomphe, Champs Elysees and Notre Dame. It has become the most
famous Paris attraction.
A most remarkable 19th century French general. Aged 24, he
commanded of the Revolutionary army's siege of Toulon. In 1796, as
the army chief, he used his office as bait to destroy the fortress
of Mantua large Austrian army, winning a victory in the Battle of
interest in Buddhism, he was sent to Egypt, and Muslim prisoners
war. In 1798, after the second coalition with France, he hurried
back to France to seize power, so that he would arrogate a military
and political power to gain freedom. In 1813, the coalition forces
defeated Potui in the Battle of Leipzig. In 1815, he returned to
Paris and retook the throne. After failure in the Battle of
Waterloo, he was exiled to St. Helena and died on the island in
Economic and Cultural Customs
France is western Europe's largest agricultural producer and is
in the world's top five producers of soybeans, wheat and rapeseed.
It has a large iron and steel industry, while the automobile
industry is one of the pillars of French industry. Renault, Citroen,
Peugeot and others are world-famous enterprises. France is also
known for its perfume and clothing industries, and is "the world's
fashion capital" with Pierre Cardin, Chanel and other famous fashion
France's grape production ranks second in the world, and brandy
and champagne are the representatives of French wine. The French
drink interesting wine and eat different foods, and have many
traditional combinations such as red wine with beef, white wine with
seafood and brandy after dinner.
Paris, Lyon and Glasgow are the three major spice production centers
in France, and export 25% of the world's spices. Early human spice
industry mainly essence extracted from plants, and now organic
chemicals can be synthesized simply does not exist in nature but is
a very pleasant odor.
In France, the most popular respect for women's fashion, the
so-called "chivalry." Men and women to meet, the man reached out to
other women only after corresponding grip. By car with men and
women, the women make after the first on the next.
This gothic church was built in the 12th century and is located
on the banks of the River Seine in Paris. Notre Dame can accommodate
9,000 worshipers. Both inside and outside many homes are decorated
with exquisite carvings. Three great windows are still preserved
with 13th century mosaics of stained glass. The French writer Victor
Hugo's novel Notre Dame de Paris uses this distinguished building as
the background of the story.
Mona Lisa oil painting
Mona Lisa is the Italian Renaissance artist up • Vinci created in
1503-1506 years, oil painting, which depicts a young girl, charming
smile, shows a quiet, serene happiness. Smiling woman painting known
as the eternal smile. This painting depicts is said Francisco •
Germany • La Gioconda's wife.
Arc de Triomphe
This is located in the broad square at the end of the Champs
Elysees. Extending in all directions from Charles de Gaulle Square,
there are 17 boulevards. The magnificent Arc de Triomphe, built in
1836, stands in the square on top of the central island. It has only
one arch hole for the barrel vault, and its size exceeds the
Constantine Arch in Rome (50 m in height, 45 m wide). Each face is
engraved with huge relief, the most famous and most beautiful one is
described in 1792 set off the scenes of the volunteer, this
masterpiece called "La Marseillaise." Napoleon's great victory
celebration scenes were carved in relief at the top of the site in
another location, at the top of the shield-shaped ornaments engraved
with the name of each battle.
Palace of Versailles
This is located in the town of Versailles, has a construction
area of 110,000 square kilometers and is representative of classical
western architecture. It has more than 700 rooms, of which the
"mirror room" is lined with 483 full-length mirrors, reflecting
light and shadow changes within the hall. The palace has 100 million
square meters of gardens, a garden fountain and more than 1,400
Located in the heart of Paris, the Louvre is the world-renowned
art gallery. It houses the world's most extensive collection of
paintings and sculptures with over 400,000 exhibits divided into
many categories and varieties and including works from ancient
Egypt, Greece, Etruria and Rome. There is medieval to modern
sculptures as well as an alarming number of royal curios and
paintings. The Louvre is divided into six parts: Greek and Roman
Art, Egyptian Art, Oriental Art, the painting museum, sculptures and
the decorative Museum of Art. The most famous "palace treasures" are
the "Venus de Milo," Nika" and the "Mona Lisa."
The island of Reunion is located in the Indian Ocean off
southeastern Africa, covering an area of 2,512 square kilometers. It
has a population of 747,000, comprised of Madagascans, Africans,
Europeans, and Creole. Reunion belongs to France and as such
Catholicism is the primary religion, the official language is
French, and the currency is the euro. The Capital is St. Nicholas
In the mid-17th century 60's, France used the island as a stopping
point for its slave trade. In 1810 the island was occupied by
Britain, and in April 1915, Britain and France signed the Paris
Agreement will gave the island to the French. In September, 1848, it
was formally named Reunion and in May, 1946, became a French
overseas province, along with Juan Island, Europa Island, Bassas da
India, Glorioso Islands, and Tromelin. The sovereignty of these
islands has caused controversy and tension with Madagascar. The
French ownership of Tromelin has also caused friction with
Economy and Cultural Customs
Reunion’s economy is based on agriculture, fisheries, and tourism.
The cultivation and production of sugar cane, herbs, geraniums, and
other spices are the main economic pillars. Reunion is not
particularly industrialized and as such mainly relies on French aid.
The local climate is hot and wet, providing suitable conditions for
the growth of sugar cane, with planting areas accounting for about
half of all cultivated areas.
Wallis and Futuna (France)
Wallis and Futuna is located in the southwest Pacific, west of the
international date line. A land area of 274 square kilometers is
home to 16,000 people, who are mostly Bolilini from West Asia. Due
to the fact that the country is a French overseas territory, French
is the official language, although Wallis is also spoken, and
residents are Roman Catholic. The currency is the Pacific franc and
the capital is Matautu (Mata utu).
Economy and Cultural Customs
Traditional self-sufficient agriculture accounts for 80% of the
total employment. The main crops include breadfruit, banana,
coconut, cassava, and taro. Copra and handicrafts are the main
export products, and the main income comes from the French
government's assistance, expatriate remittances, and fishing license
The island is a French overseas territories and the Chief Executive
by the French to send.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon are located near Canada, 25 kilometers
south of Newfoundland in the North Atlantic. Covering an area of 242
square kilometers, it has a population of about 6,300 people, mostly
descendants of French immigrants. The official language is French,
and 99% of the population are Catholic. The capital city is
According to the 1914 Paris Peace Treaty, all of the islands belong
to France. French overseas territories are collective. Chief
Executive appointed by the French Government, is responsible for
defense by the French.
Economy and Cultural Customs
The soil and climatic conditions of the island make it unsuited to
agricultural production, with only a small amount of vegetable
cultivation, and pig, egg, and poultry production. The main economy
is fishing and traditional processing industry.
Martinique is located in the east of the Caribbean, at the northern
tip of the Antilles. An area of 1100 square kilometers is home to a
population of 390,000, mainly mulatto people. Most of the residents
are Catholic, and French is the official language, with Creole also
spoken. The currency is the euro and the capital is Fort de France.
The earliest residents of Martinique were Caribbean Indians In June
1502, Columbus arrived, and by 1655 French forces occupied the
island. In 1674, the French claimed the island as a French
territory, and it later became a French overseas province in 1946.
In August 1977, it became a major area of France.
Guadeloupe is located in the Caribbean, at the center of the
Antilles. An area of 1,780 square kilometers is home to a population
of 439,000, most of whom are of African or European descent. Most of
the residents are Catholic, and French is the official language,
with Creole also spoken.. The currency is the euro (formerly the
French franc), and the capital is Basseterre.
In 1495, Columbus arrived, and by the 16th century the Spanish
ruled. In 1655 French colonialists occupied Guadeloupe, only for it
to later pass to the British In 1815 it came under French rule
again, and in 1946 became a French overseas province. In 1977 it was
designated as a major area of France.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Economy on agriculture, tourism and light industry mainly rely
mainly on its development in France.
French Guiana is located in the northeast of South America, near the
equator, covering an area of 91,000 square kilometers. It has a
population of 181,000, most of whom are of Creole descent. Residents
are Catholic and French is the official language, with Creole also
spoken. The currency was the French franc, but is now the euro. The
capital is Cayenne.
After the French invaded in the 17th century, the British, Dutch,
French and Portuguese competed with each other for control of the
land, until the 1816 the French finally succeeded. In 1946, France
announced that French Guiana was a French overseas provinces. In
1977 it was designated as a major area of France.
Economy and Cultural Customs
French Guiana is a high and low-lying territory, reaching heights of
up to 48 meters above sea level along the coastal alluvial plains,
with other areas consisting of low-lying swampland. The mainland is
comprised of plateaus, hills, valleys, and cloud-forests.
The economy is reliant on forestry and fisheries. The main minerals
are bauxite, kaolin, and gold. The land is fertile, mainly producing
sugar cane, corn, rice, cocoa, and cassava. Around 90% of the land
is covered in forest, with a variety of tropical hardwoods.