Fiji Islands - Pacific island sweet
The Republic of Fiji Islands is located in the center of the
south-west Pacific ocean A total area of 1.8272 million square
kilometers is home to a population of 868,000, most of whom are
ethnic Fijian and Indian. Residents are Christian or Hindu, and the
official language is English, with Fijian, and Hindi also spoken.
The currency is the Fiji Dollar, and the capital is Suva.
The Fijian flag is light blue with the British flag in the top right
corner, indicating the relationship between the two Commonwealth
countries The flag also contains the Fijian national emblem.
In the 19th century the Europeans began to colonize Fiji, and in
1874 it became a British colony. On October 10, 1970, it gained
independence and became a member of the Commonwealth. In 1987, it
was renamed as a Republic and left the Commonwealth. In 1997 Fijian
political privileges were abolished, but in September of that year
it again joined the Commonwealth. On July 27, 1998, it again changed
its name to the "Republic of Fiji Islands."
Economy and Cultural Customs
Fiji's has an abundance of natural resources, with one of the
strongest economies in the South Pacific. The sugar industry and
tourism are the two pillars of the national economy. A fertile
coastal plain means that the island can produce a wide range of
tropical cash crops, including sugar, and the country is in fact one
of the largest sugar exporting countries, referred to by Yu as the
"sweet island." The main economic crops are sugar cane, cocoa,
coffee, coconut, and banana.
Fiji is located in the central Pacific, with the International Date
Line crossing through the islands. By crossing the line west to
east, people lose one day, and likewise, when crossing from east to
west a day is gained. However, to prevent the country from belonging
to the two hemispheres, which causes time confusion, Fiji is
assigned to the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fijians often wear red flowers in their hair or use them as
decorations, and every August a week long “red flower festival” is
held in the capital.