Countries in Europe
European - the continent with the most tortuous coastline
Europe is located in the northwestern Eastern Hemisphere, the Arctic
Ocean is to the north and the Atlantic is to the west. To the south,
across the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar, is Africa. The
full name is Europa Island, meaning "land of the sun." Europe has 45
countries and regions, with a population of 726 000 000, or about
1.5% of world's total population. It is the world's most densely
populated continent, and most residents are of the white race.
Covering an area of 1016 square kilometers, it accounts for 6.8% of
the world's land area. Its languages belong to the Indo-European
language family (90% of the European population speaks one of these
languages), with Uralic and Caucasian languages also spoken. The
European language English is the world's most widely used language.
Residents are Protestant Christian and Catholic.
Europe was the location of the Greek and Roman classical
civilizations and the birthplace of German civilization. It was
first in the world to develop capitalism, sparking the economic and
cultural development of the area. The the 17th century bourgeois
revolution in Britain marked the beginning of the world's modern
history. In the 18th century, the landmark British Industrial
Revolution occurred. Modern Europe is a war-torn region, as two
world wars have erupted here. In 1949 and 1955 the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization for the United States and the Warsaw Pact
Organization for the Soviet Union were established, setting up the
confrontation of two major military blocs between Eastern and
Western Europe. After the founding of the European Community,
Western Europe gradually moved from the joint development of
economic cooperation to political cooperation as well. 1989 and 1990
witnessed major political changes in Eastern Europe, as some
countries have had political power change hands. In 1991, the Soviet
Union, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia were divided. At present, with
the accelerated process of European integration, new vitality has
been injected into the European economy.
Europe stretches into the Atlantic Ocean in a large peninsula.
Terrain is dominated by plains, and glaciers are widely spread,
though gathered in the southern mountains. The average elevation of
300 meters is the lowest average elevation of any continent. The
East European Plain is the largest plain in Europe. The western
coast is the eastern Atlantic. The eastern border of Europe is the
Ural mountains, stretching thousands of miles; to the south of
Europe the southern Alps stand steeply. The Central Highlands is
located in the Alps and Eastern Europe between the Great Plains.
The ocean has the greatest impact on European climate. Most of the
region has a moderate and moist climate. In addition, the northern
coast and islands of the Arctic Ocean are cold, the south consists
of subtropical coastal areas. The rest of Europe all belongs to the
temperate climates. Europe, from west to east, has a climate
transition from maritime to continental. Western and Northern Europe
are affected by the Atlantic current, Dongnuanxialiang. The amount
and distribution of precipitation from the Atlantic Ocean is
determined by the distance from the ocean and the prevailing wind
The Alps are famous mountains in southern Europe. To the west is
Nice and southeastern France. The Alps are on the border of
Switzerland, Germany, and Italy. Moving east to Austria, the Vienna
Basin stretches 1,200 km with a width of 130 to 200 km. The basin,
with an average elevation of 300 meters, has the Danube, Rhine,
Adige, Po, and other rivers. Mont Blanc is the highest peak, at 4807
meters above sea level. The Alps are Europe's youngest mountain
range, its steep mountains, stone and bone-like spikes clearing the
ridge line known as the "Alpine Peak ridge." Many peaks in the Alps
have snow, and it is a world-famous ski and tourist destination.
More Yao River Delta - natural wetlands
Originating in the mountains of the German Black Forest, the length
of the Danube is 2850 km, with a drainage area of 816 000 square
kilometers. Flowing from west to east, it passes through ten
countries in Europe and finally into the Black Sea. It is Europe's
second-longest river. The Danube Delta, an area of about 6,000
square kilometers, is Europe's largest existing natural wetlands.
Rivers, lakes, swamps, and native forests have a staggered
distribution. In the Delta, growth of large tracts of natural reed
provide an ecosystem-based water purification system for the Danube,
a very important role.
All Countries in Europe