Estonia - the oil shale state
Estonia is located in eastern Europe, on the Baltic Sea. Its full
name is the Republic of Estonia. The name "Estonia" in the Baltic
language means "waterside residents." Covering an area of 45,200
square kilometers, its population is 1.36 million, mainly ethnic
Estonian and Russian communities. Residents are Lutheran Christian.
Estonian is the official language. The currency is the Estonian
Kroon. Tallinn (talinn) is the capital.
The flag consists of three stripes, blue, black, and white from top
The Estonian nation was formed in the 12th to 13th century AD.
Estonia has been under the sway of Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Tsarist
Russia and other powers of aggression and domination. From 1710 to
1917, Estonia was ruled by tsarist Russia. Estonia gained
independence from Tsarist Russia in 1917 and established a
provisional government. From February to November 1918, the country
was occupied by the German armed forces. 1920 to 1940 was a period
of independence for Estonia. In August 1940, Estonia joined the
Soviet Union as the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic. On August
20, 1991, the restoration of Estonian independence was announced.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Tourism, transport, and transpiration services are its economic
mainstays. Oil shale mining and processing have a special status in
Estonian industry. Agriculture and animal husbandry involve either
milk, meat, and potatoes or sugar beet planting. Coastal fisheries
are under development. Major minerals are oil shale (reserves of
about 60 million tons), rock phosphate, and limestone.
Tallinn is located northwest of love, near the Baltic Sea. It was
founded in 1248 during the reign of the Kingdom of Denmark. After
Estonia regained independence in 1991, it was named the capital.
Historically, Tallinn was once the hub of Eastern Europe and
Scandinavia, known as the "crossroads of Europe." It also has a
preserved medieval character and style.