Democratic Republic of Congo - Central African Gem
The Democratic Republic of Congo, named because of the Congo River
and also referred to as the Congo (DRC), is situated in central
western Africa, covering an area of 2,344,900 square kilometers. It
has a population of about 53 million, with 254 different tribes.
Residents are Catholic and French is the official language. The
currency is the Congolese franc and Kinshasa is the capital.
The national flag of the Democratic Republic of Congo is primarily
blue, with six small yellow five-pointed stars, with a large yellow
five-pointed star in the center.
During the 13th and 14th centuries the country was part of the
Kingdom of the Congo. From 1884 to 1885, it was designated as
"private territorial possessions," of the King of Belgium and "Congo
Free State." On June 30, 1960, independence was declared, and the
country was named the Republic of the Congo, referred to as "Congo
(Lee)." On November 24, 1965, the national army commander staged a
coup to overthrow the president, Mobutu Kasavubu, with the intention
of usurping the position himself. This saw the establishment of the
Second Republic, which changed the country’s name to the Democratic
Republic of the Congo. In May 1966, the capital city was renamed
Kinshasa, and the country was referred to as "Congo (DRC)." On
October 27, 1971, the name was again changed, this time to the
Republic of Zaire. April 1990 saw a multi-party system and the
establishment of the Third Republic. On May 17, 1997, the country
was again named the Democratic Republic of Congo.,
Economy and Cultural Customs
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is rich in natural resources,
with a variety of non-ferrous and rare metals. The country possesses
enormous reserves of uranium, cobalt, diamonds, manganese, and, with
the cobalt and diamond production amongst the largest in the world.
Apart from the country’s developed mining industry, the forest also
provides rich hydropower resources. The Democratic Republic of the
Congo has been referred to as a "world of raw materials warehouse,"
"African gem," and the "wonder of the world." The main agricultural
products are cassava, maize, oil palm, coffee, rubber, cotton, and
sugar cane, with oil palm, coffee, and rubber production ranking
highest in Africa.
The Buy Dingnai Family Tree Burial is a popular spot. People dig
holes in a large trunk, put the body in the hole covered with bark
engraved with name of the deceased. After a few years, the bark and
tree trunk grows into a "tree coffin."
Most of the area is located in the eastern Congo Basin, with both
sides low-lying and sloping from southeast to northwest. The eastern
highlands of the East Africa Rift Valley area contain more
depressions, lakes, mountains, and volcanoes. Boyoma Waterfall is
the world's longest waterfall, Lake Kivu in Virunga National Park is
a wildlife protected area, with the reputation of being "a microcosm
South of latitude 5°C tropical grassland climate, north of the
tropical rainforest climate. High temperature and rainfall
throughout the year, the annual average temperature 27°C. 1500 an
annual rainfall of 2,000 mm.