Bangladesh - The Country of Jute
Bangladesh is located on the northeast of the Indian subcontinent
and is also known as the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Covering
an area of 147,570 square kilometers, Bangledesh has a population of
1.33 million population, of whom 98% Bengali, with more than 20
ethnic minorities. Islam is the state religion. Bengali is the
national language, and English is the official language. The
currency is taka. The capital is Dhaka (Dhaka).
The flag is dark green, with red circle at center-left. Green
symbolizes the earth, while the cirlce symbolizes the dawn of a red
sun after a bloody struggle.
Bengali is part of the South Asian subcontinent, one of the world's
ancient peoples. The Bangladesh region has seen the establishment of
an independent state several times over; its territory once included
the current Indian West Bengal, Bihar, and other states. By the 16th
century, Bangladesh had developed into the most densely populated
part of the sub-continent, with the most developed economy and most
cultural prosperous part of the region. In the second half of the
18th century, Bengladesh was a province of British India. After the
1947 partition of India, Bangladesh was divided into Eastern and
Western parts, with the Eastern part going to Pakistan and the
Western part going to India. In March 1971, East Pakistan declared
independence, and, in January 1972, established the People's
Republic of Bangladesh.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Bangladesh's economy is dominated by agriculture. The main crops are
rice, wheat, woven, cotton, sugar, and paper. Bangladesh is the home
of jute. Jute fibers produce a long, flexible and shiny fiber, said
to be the "golden fiber." Bengladesh's production accounts for 75%
to 80% of the total world production of jute.
Cox's Bazar beach is the world's longest and mostly reports no
shark hazard. It is a wide, beautiful beach, 120 kilometers long,
and parallel to the beach there are about 100 km long hills.
Bagherhat is a historic city. Built in the first half of the 15th
century AD, the city has an Islamic religious architecture. One of
its notable features is a lack of defensive buildings. Another
unique feature is its complete municipal facilities, showing mastery
of urban design and architectural skills.
Originating in the Himalayas, flowing south through India and
Bangladesh into the Indian Ocean northeast of the Bay of Bengal,
Constant Creek has a length of 2700 km and a drainage area of 1.06
million square kilometers. The Ganges River is the world's most
fertile soil and one of the most densely populated areas in the
world. The River Ganges plain is in the middle of ancient India, the
birthplace of civilization.